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Managing Your Diabetes

My Biggest Surprise? “When I first got diabetes, I didn’t know that you had to take care of your feet.” (Anonymous)


Type 2 diabetes can sometimes initially be managed through changing your lifestyle which includes a healthy diet and regular exercise. However, as the disease progresses, most people with type 2 diabetes will often need tablets to control their blood glucose levels. These tablets are intended to be used in addition to healthy eating and regular physical activity, not as a substitute.

Eventually most people with type 2 diabetes need to start taking insulin to control blood glucose levels, when your body is no longer producing enough insulin of its own. Sometimes tablets may be continued in addition to insulin.

The aim of diabetes management is to keep blood glucose levels as close to ‘normal' as possible, that is between 4 to 6 mmol/L (fasting), as this will help prevent both short-term and long-term complications.

You’ll need to manage your diabetes and manage your daily life. Try to develop a routine. Get to know your body and how you react to such things as:

  • late nights
  • physical exercise
  • stress
  • alcohol

Eating well is an important part of managing your diabetes. There are certain foods that are going to be better for you and your diabetes than others.

Exercising is also an important part of managing your diabetes.

Try not to ignore your diabetes, you can still do the same things as your friends as long as you take care of your diabetes.

For more information on managing type 2 diabetes visit the Diabetes Australia website.