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Managing Your Diabetes - Diabetes Australia
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Managing Your Diabetes

“I wish I had known how to manage my blood sugar levels better. It took me a while to perfect the management of my levels but I guess that is something you learn with experience.” (Anonymous)

Image Managing Your DiabetesType 1 diabetes is managed with insulin replacement through lifelong insulin injections (up to six every day), by following a healthy diet and eating plan, taking regular exercise and monitoring of blood glucose levels regularly (up to six times every day or as directed by a doctor or CDE).

The aim is to keep blood glucose levels as close to ‘normal’ as possible, that is between 4-6 mmol/L (fasting).

Keeping blood glucose levels in a healthy range will help prevent both short-term and long-term health complications.

You’ll need to manage your diabetes and manage your daily life. Try to develop a routine. Get to know your body and how you react to such things as:

  • late nights
  • physical exercise
  • stress
  • alcohol.

Eating well is an important part of managing your diabetes. There are certain foods that are going to be better for you and your diabetes than others.

Exercising is also an important part of managing your diabetes.

Try not to ignore your diabetes, you can still do the same things as your friends as long as you take care of your diabetes. Back to top



Funniest Moment? “Pulling out my insulin needle in front of a person who has a phobia of needles!” (Ruth, age 25)

There are different ways of getting the insulin into your body. Diabetes NSW’s kids and teens website provides a good explanation on this. It can be by using:

  • syringes
  • pens
  • pumps

The range of injection devices and tiny needles available today make injecting insulin much easier than most people imagine.

When starting insulin, your doctor or CDE will help you adjust to the new routine and task of giving insulin and finding the right dose to reduce your blood glucose levels to acceptable levels.

For more information on managing type 1 diabetes visit the Diabetes Australia website. Back to top


Blood Glucose Testing

Testing your blood glucose is really important to help you manage your diabetes. Your doctor or CDE will tell you how often and when to test (not everyone is the same). It’s a good idea to get into the habit of writing your levels down in a book (which your CDE can give you). This will help determine how much insulin you need.

There are different ways you can test your blood glucose levels. Diabetes NSW’s kids and teens website provides more information on this.