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FAQs - Diabetes Australia
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Why have I got type 1 diabetes?

We don’t yet know the exact cause of type 1 diabetes but we do know it has a strong family link. However it can only occur when something, like an infection triggers the immune system to destroy the insulin-making cells in the pancreas. While the cause of type 1 diabetes has nothing to do with lifestyle, a healthy lifestyle is very important to manage diabetes.

Can type 1 diabetes be prevented or cured?

There is a great deal of research happening around the world, but at this stage nothing can prevent or cure type 1 diabetes.

Why do hypos happen?

Hypos can happen for any of the following reasons:

  • after physical exercise
  • being late eating a meal or snack
  • not eating enough carbohydrates
  • too much insulin
  • some infections
  • drinking alcohol

How can I prevent a hypo?

You can’t always prevent a hypo, but there are some things you can do to reduce the chances of it happening, such as:

  • eating regularly
    taking your insulin at the right time and dosage
    adjusting the amount of insulin and food depending on how much physical exercise you are getting
    eating more carbohydrates if you are going to drink alcohol
    not injecting in the same place all the time

Why do hypers happen?

Hypers can happen for any of the following reasons:

  • not enough insulin
  • forgetting to take insulin
  • less exercise than usual
  • eating more than usual
  • stress
  • some infections
  • very hot weather