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Managing Your Diabetes - Diabetes Australia
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Managing Your Gestational Diabetes

The best way to manage gestational diabetes is through healthy eating and physical activity. You will need to monitor your blood glucose levels and you may need insulin injections to keep your levels in the normal range. Diabetes tablets aren’t given during pregnancy. 

Healthy Eating

Try to eat as well as you can during your pregnancy, concentrating on foods that are:

  • high in calcium, iron and folic acid
  • low in fat
  • moderate in carbohydrates (e.g. cereals, pasta, rice and fruit)

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Physical Exercise

You should maintain an exercise regime as it is good both for your diabetes and for preparing your body for the birth. Low impact exercise, such as walking and swimming are great.

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Management and Treatment

Gestational diabetes is usually initially managed by following a healthy diet and eating plan, taking regular exercise and monitoring blood glucose levels regularly (as frequently as directed by your doctor).

The aim of treating your diabetes is to keep blood glucose levels as close to ‘normal’ as possible, that is between 4 to 6 mmol/L (fasting).

Keeping blood glucose levels in these ranges will help prevent both short-term and long-term complications.

For more information on managing gestational diabetes visit the NDSS website.

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