Gestational diabetes (sometimes referred to as GDM) is diagnosed when higher than normal blood glucose levels first appear during pregnancy. From 3% to 8% of pregnant women will develop gestational diabetes around the 24th to 28th week of pregnancy. However, some may be earlier.
While blood glucose levels usually return to normal after the birth of the baby, there is an increased risk for type 2 diabetes in the mother in the future. The risk of getting gestational diabetes increases with a family history of type 2 diabetes and you are overweight. Risk is also increased in those from an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander background or an Indian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Middle Eastern or Polynesian/Melanesian background.
Visit the gestational diabetes section of the Diabetes Australia website for more information about gestational diabetes. The NDSS has a website specifically for women with gestational diabetes.
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